Finding JAVA_HOME on Windows and Linux

For windows:

@echo off

setlocal

::- Get the Java Version
set KEY="HKLM\SOFTWARE\JavaSoft\Java Runtime Environment"
set VALUE=CurrentVersion
reg query %KEY% /v %VALUE% 2>nul || (echo JRE not installed @ exit /b 1)
set JRE_VERSION=
for /f "tokens=2,*" %%a in ('reg query %KEY% /v %VALUE% ^| findstr %VALUE%') do (
set JRE_VERSION=%%b
)

echo JRE VERSION: %JRE_VERSION%

::- Get the JavaHome
set KEY="HKLM\SOFTWARE\JavaSoft\Java Runtime Environment\%JRE_VERSION%"
set VALUE=JavaHome
reg query %KEY% /v %VALUE% 2>nul || (echo JavaHome not installed @ exit /b 1)

set JAVAHOME=
for /f "tokens=2,*" %%a in ('reg query %KEY% /v %VALUE% ^| findstr %VALUE%') do (
set JAVAHOME=%%b
)

echo JavaHome: %JAVAHOME%

endlocal

In general, this is not required for Linux system but if you need it, it is here.
For Linux:

#!/bin/bash
if [[ $(which ${JAVA_HOME}/bin/java) ]]; then
    exe="${JAVA_HOME}/bin/java"
elif [[ $(which java) ]]; then
    exe="java"
else 
    echo "Java environment is not detected."
    exit 1
fi
${exe} -version

Specials thanks to http://srcode.org/2014/05/07/detect-java-executable/

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